Kidney stones affect millions of Americans. In fact, any individual who has ever had a kidney stone surely remembers it: the excruciating pain, the nagging discomfort, and pretty much every other feeling associated with kidney stones are basically unforgettable. The sensation? Some would label it as intolerable: it often comes from time to time until the minuscule stone gets through the urinary tract out of the body. For many individuals, kidney stones are more familiar than normal: some have asserted that after having had one, another tiny stone appears all of a sudden sooner or later—and there are no precautionary measures.
Joe Cosgrove has previously covered this topic from all kinds of different angles: in fact, preventing kidney stones from appearing is not that difficult or complicated. It does require, however, a lot of purpose and resolution. Kidney stones are the result of the interaction of certain chemicals in the urine. After becoming highly concentrated, they form crystals. These crystals subsequently become much larger stones, which sometimes get through an individual’s urinary tract. If the mass or the stone gets stuck somewhere within the tract, thusly blocking the flow of urine, it causes the well-known excruciating and unbearable painful sensation.
The vast majority of these stones are made of a combination of calcium with one or, sometimes, more than two different substances: oxalate phosphorus. Kidney stones can also be made of uric acid, which is formed as the body metabolizes different kinds of proteins. But, even though it is perhaps one of the most common conditions in the U.S—it is almost incalculable and inestimable, and very hard to determine with accuracy, how many people suffer kidney stone episodes in America—; however, it is possible to prevent them from appearing, at least to some extent. Preventing kidney stones from forming means also preventing the conditions that act as the substrate for their production. Therefore, there are several ways to prevent kidney stones from appearing and some recommendations that might come in handy for reducing the chances of their formation:
Never underestimate the importance of drinking plenty of water
Water, or, better: drinking enough water, dilutes all these substances in the urine that have been linked to the formation of kidney stones. Many physicians agree upon the fact that individuals should strive to drink enough water and fluids to pass up to two liters of urine on a daily basis. Thus, individuals should strive to drink about eight 8-ounce glasses of water. By doing this, individuals reduce the chances of developing kidney stones. It is also wise to include other kinds of fluids such as citrus beverages like orange juice, lime juice, and lemonade. The citrate in the aforementioned beverages helps the body reduce the chances of developing the masses.
Strive to get all the calcium your body needs
Individuals who perhaps overlook the importance of getting enough calcium—or the calcium they need—are more open to causing oxalate levels to rise, thusly increasing the chances of kidney stones. To avoid this, individuals should strive to consume the right amount of calcium according to their age. Of course, the ideal way to get calcium is by consuming the right foods, since some physicians have determined via their studies that calcium supplements are actually linked with the formation of kidney masses. Individuals over 50 should strive to consume around 1,000 milligrams of calcium on a daily basis alongside other 1,000 IU of vitamin D to help the body internalise and absorb such calcium intake.
Reduce excessive sodium intake
Some people crave sweets, but there are also people who seem unable to get enough sodium. A high-sodium diet has been always linked to developing kidney stones since it increases the amount of calcium in the urine. A low-sodium diet, however, is much more recommendable for those individuals who are prone to suffering kidney stones. Physicians seem to agree upon the fact that liming sodium intake around 2,300 milligrams a day is the wise thing to do. In fact: those individuals who have suffered kidney stones because of sodium should actually pay special attention to their intake—1,500 milligrams is just fine. Besides, doing so, individuals also reduce the chances of suffering any kind of blood pressure and heart disease.
Try to limit animal protein
As tough as it may sound for some individuals, the truth is: eating too much protein from animal sources actually increases the levels of uric acid in the body, which, of course, have been linked to kidney stones. Red meat, eggs, seafood, poultry, etc., although preferred by the vast majority of individuals when consumed in excess end up being detrimental for the body. Those individuals prone to developing kidney stones should strive to limit their daily animal protein intake, especially because it also is a heart-friendly portion.
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